Phenomenology as a philosophical movement began at the beginning of the 20th century. Until today it is heavily influenced by its founder, Edmund Husserl. Phenomenology is primarily concerned with an investigation of the structure of consciousness. Here special emphasis is put on intentionality (directedness) as an essential feature of consciousness. It is characteristic for the Husserlian phenomenological method to proceed in a descriptive and a priori manner. That means that, instead of analyzing real and occurrent manifestations of consciousness with empirical means, it targets all possible forms in which a consciousness can be (intentionally) related to the world. In doing so, phenomenology takes the first-person perspective of the subject as a crucial starting point.
The Grazian School of Phenomenology understands itself as a philosophical analysis of all phenomena pertaining to human experience and action (be that of a physical, mental, or social dimension).
Ever since its beginnings, phenomenology is characterized by a great interest in the relation between philosophy, science, and the lifeworld, as well as in interdisciplinary research. The Grazian School of Phenomenology is concerned with contemporary philosophical problems in epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, ethics, meta-ehtics, theory of value, and emotion studies. In doing so, Grazian Phenomenologists put special emphasis on application-oriented research, as well as on a dialogue between phenomenology and other philosophical movements. In this way, through an original, careful, and inclusive treatment of the diversity of philosophical and scientific approaches, we seek to promote the development and progress of phenomenology, both from within and from without.