Phenomenology as a philosophical movement began at the beginning of the 20th century. Until today it is heavily influenced by its founder, Edmund Husserl. Phenomenology is primarily concerned with an investigation of the structure of consciousness. Here special emphasis is put on intentionality (directedness) as an essential feature of consciousness. It is characteristic for the Husserlian phenomenological method to proceed in a descriptive and a priori manner. That means that, instead of analyzing real and occurrent manifestations of consciousness with empirical means, it targets all possible forms in which a consciousness can be (intentionally) related to the world. In doing so, phenomenology takes the first-person-perspective of the subject as a crucial starting point. The Grazian School of Phenomenology understands itself as a philosophical analysis of all phenomena pertaining to human experience and action (be that of a physical, mental or social dimension).