Types of Courses
From "Laws Governing University Studies":
1. In courses with ongoing assessment, assessment shall take place not only on the basis of a single examination at the end of the course, but also on the basis of regular assessment of the participants’ achievement. All courses listed under subpara. 3 c) to q) are courses with ongoing assessment.
2. Practice is the execution of an activity which gives students the chance to try out and put into practice the acquired knowledge and competences outside the classroom and to gain practical experience in potential areas of application.
3. The following types of courses can be stipulated in the curriculum:
a) lecture, b) orientation course, c) tutorial, d) Kurs (course), e) proseminar, f) exercises, g) seminar, h) research seminar, i) study group, j) repetitorium, k) discussion course, l) practical training, m) excursion, n) lecture with exercises, o) excursion with exercises, p) laboratory exercises, q) doctoral colloquium.
Lectures (VO) are courses in which the instructors shall impart knowledge by lecturing. There is only one examination, which may be conducted orally, in writing or in writing and orally. The examination method shall be stipulated in the curriculum.
Orientation courses (OL): Courses that offer an introduction to the study programme. They shall provide information and shall be conducted in such a way that they provide an overview of the study programme and its progression, thus enabling students to make objective decisions about their choice of study programme. Compulsory attendance may be required for this type of course.
Tutorials (TU) shall accompany lectures and are supporting courses held by qualified students.
Kurse (KS) are courses in which students and instructors shall work together with the goal of gaining experience with the subject matter and applying it.
Proseminars (PS) are taken before seminars. They shall impart basic knowledge of how to conduct academic work, give an introduction to specialist literature and deal with examples of issues in the subject by means of presentations, discussions and case studies.
Exercises (UE) must correspond to the practical and professional goals of the study programmes and require the completion of concrete tasks.
Seminars (SE) shall serve as platforms for academic discussion. Participants shall
make their own contributions. As a rule, seminars shall be completed by taking a written examination.
Research seminars (PV) are specialised seminars.
Study groups (AG) shall deal with specific questions, methods and techniques in
research and act as an introduction to academic cooperation in small groups.
Repetitoriums (RE) are review courses for diploma and bachelor’s programmes, covering all the subject matter of the lectures. In addition, students shall be given the opportunity to make a request to deal with specific sub-areas. Repetitoriums may be conducted as question and answer sessions.
Discussion courses (KO) are courses in the form of discussions, during which
instructors shall answer the students’ questions.
Practical trainings (PK) shall supplement professional preparation or academic training in a meaningful way. If it should not be possible to conduct practical trainings at the university, students must complete their practical training at administrative and juridical authorities, institutes or companies whose facilities are suited to this purpose.